When many people hear about sperm what actually comes to their mind is the greyish fluid that is excreted during orgasm. This is not the actual sperm, but rather the semen, and that is what carries the sperm as well as offer protection to it. A sperm is a small microscopic cell that is responsible in fertilizing the egg. Sperm structure is very simple as it contains only the head, neck and the tail.

These are the three main parts of a sperm

Each part has some functions which include the following: the head is used to fertilize the egg, while the tail helps in the movement of the sperm so it can swim to reach the egg. The neck contains a breaking point which, after the head penetrates into the egg, breaks away and the tail is left outside the egg.

If you do not know where sperm is produced you should first know the whole male reproduction organ. The male reproduction system is made up of visible parts, which include the testicles as well as penis. Sperm is produced in the testes where hormones such as testosterone will be used to manufacture these cells. A sperm takes around 3 and a half months for it to grow inside the testicle. Hundreds of millions of sperm are produced and this is why it is important that you should eat well if you want to have high quality sperm. They require a lot of nutrients and you can get this from meals that you eat, or you can take herbs such as horny goat weed which are also very rich in important nutrients required for this purpose.

Process of sperm movement

The process of production of sperm is done at the same time as production of semen. This is also another area that requires huge amount of nutrients and proteins to produce. During sexual intercourse you will ejaculate the sperm into the woman’s vagina, unless you suffer from premature ejaculation where you can have an orgasm even before penetrating the woman body. There are drugs to prevent premature ejaculation that can be bought in chemist shops around you, just in case you have this problem. Once you have passed the semen from your body to your partner, the sperm can survive inside the vagina for up to 48 hrs, depending on the atmosphere.

From there, the sperm will swim from the vagina to the uterus and the Fallopian tubes, where it will come across the egg and fertilization will take place. If the sperm structure is not normal then there might be some issues which can prevent fertilization from taking place. For instance if the sperm head is not oval and sharp then there is a likelihood that this sperm will not penetrate the egg and as a consequence there will be no fertilization. Flat and round headed sperm will not be capable of penetrating the woman’s egg membrane and this is why it is important for the sperm head to be sharp and oval to ease in penetration.

When the tail is short then it is likely that the sperm will not reach its destination. There are millions of sperm which die inside the vagina while trying to swim their way to the uterus. Among those which will die are those whose have shorter tails and therefore this is another important factor that is very useful when it comes to the health of the sperm. Sperm which are not used up in the testicles are destroyed and the nutrients in them are used up again by the body to produce more sperm. Semen and sperm in a male body are produced forever, unlike women’s bodies which stop producing eggs.

Factors affecting movement of sperm

What happens is the production of the sperm will start decreasing as the body start aging. Hormones such as testosterone which are used in manufacture of semen and sperm will start decreasing and as a consequence production of sperm will go down. However sperm production supplements can be used to help in improving production of sperm. It is therefore important to know about your fertility through having a semen analysis which will give details about your fertility and what you should work on to improve it.